XEME

Sabine’s gull (SAY-bin) (Xema sabini) is a tiny gull also known as the fork-tailed gull or xeme. It is the sole species in the genus Xema. It breeds in colonies along beaches and in tundra, depositing two or three spotted olive-brown eggs in a grass-lined ground nest. Sabine’s gulls are pelagic except during breeding season. It eats mostly animal food and will consume any suitable tiny prey.

Appearance

The Xeme is a little gull that may be identified by its distinctive wing pattern. The back and wing coverts of the adult are pale grey, with black main flight feathers and white secondary flight feathers. The white tail has a forked tail. The male’s hood darkens during the mating season. The bill is dark in color, with a golden tip. Young birds exhibit tricolored wing patterns identical to adults, but the grey is replaced by brown, and the tail has a black terminal band. It takes two years for juveniles to develop full adult plumage.

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Distribution

Xeme breed in the Arctic and are found throughout northernmost North America and Eurasia. The majority of the population migrates south in autumn spending the winter at sea in the Pacific off western South America in the cold waters of the Humboldt Current whereas birds from Greenland and eastern Canada cross the Atlantic via the westernmost fringes of Europe to spend the winter off southwest Africa in the cold waters of the Benguela Current. Individual xemes have been sighted off the coasts of the northeastern United States and further east in Europe, frequently following autumn storms. These gulls are frequently encountered inland in North America Europe and even Siberia and they have been observed to engage in cross-continental migration in addition to maritime migration. Xeme breed in marshy and mossy environments with numerous lakes, tidal marshes, and small brackish pools on beaches and tundra. Outside of the mating season, these birds are quite pelagic traveling across deep cold oceanic waters.

xeme bird

A little gull, also called the fork-tailed gull or xeme. The sole species included in the genus Xema is this one. It reproduces in groups in tundra and coastal areas, laying two or three spotted olive-brown eggs in a grass-lined ground nest. Outside of the breeding season, the Sabine’s gull travels at sea. It will consume any acceptable small prey, taking a wide variety of mostly animal diet.

Habits and Lifestyle

Xeme are gregarious birds who spend most of their time at sea. During the day, they eat in vast flocks over the open ocean or accompany fishing boats to feast on fish scraps. During the mating season, xeme generally forages solitary or in couples on the tundra, catching a variety of freshwater and terrestrial food. They communicate verbally and have a very loud, high-pitched, squeaking call.

Where to Find Xeme

The Xeme is found in over 25 nations in North America and Europe, including Iceland, Greenland, Canada, Russia, and Germany. They move across oceans, spend their springs and summers in the high Arctic, and spend the winters in warmer waters close to the shore. They spend the breeding season in the Arctic tundra and the summers in marshy tundra close to the coast, particularly in regions with lots of ponds and tidal flats. This bird primarily spends its migratory and winters at sea, just a few kilometers from land.

What Does Xeme Eat?

They consume fish, crabs, insects, offal, and leftovers from fishing. They mostly consume aquatic insects, larvae, crustaceans, tiny fish, mollusks, and marine worms during the summer. They may even steal fish from Arctic terns and consume the eggs and nestlings of other species. They gather insects from the water and foliage as they stroll around the margins or bathe in freshwater ponds. Using its feet to move around on a muddy bottom or spinning in circles to bring animals close to the surface, this bird also hunts for prey. Their winter diet is unknown to us, although we do know that they are more inclined to scavenge. They will swarm around seals and whales to consume their leftovers, and they will graze on small marine animals that wash up on the shore.

XEME Diet and Nutrition

Xeme are carnivores (insectivores, piscivores) that consume a diverse range of insects, including spiders, aquatic insects and insect larvae, crustaceans, fish, and young birds and eggs.

Distribution and habitat

It breeds in the Arctic and is found in northernmost North America and Eurasia throughout the circumpolar region. It migrates south in the fall the majority of the population spends the winter at sea in the Pacific Ocean off western South America in the chilly Humboldt Current, while birds from Greenland and eastern Canada cross the Atlantic via the westernmost edges of Europe to spend the winter in the cold waters of the Benguela Current off southwest Africa. Individual Sabine’s gulls can occasionally be spotted off other shores, typically after fall storms, such as in the northeastern United States or farther east in Europe. Since it has been observed frequently enough inland in North America, Europe, and even Siberia, it has been claimed that it also displays cross-continental migration.

Mating Habits

REPRODUCTION SEASONMay-June
INCUBATION PERIOD22-24 days
BABY NAMEchick
WEB.ANIMAL_CLUTCH_SIZE2-4 eggs

Between late May and early June, Xeme come on their breeding sites. They can breed in colonies or as solitary pairs. The female lays two or three spotted olive-brown eggs in a grass-lined ground nest. Both parents incubate the eggs for 23-25 days. The chicks hatch fully formed, are coated with down, and may leave the nest shortly after hatching. When the young are primarily feeding themselves, the parents take them to a location near the water.

Population

XEME Population threats

Xeme are not currently considered threatened; nonetheless, they are threatened by climate change, water pollution, human disturbances, hunting, and egg gathering.

XEME Population number

According to the IUCN Red List, the xeme has a total population of around 340,000 adult individuals. The European population is made up of 1,100-2,100 pairs, or 2,100-4,100 adult people. This species is now rated as Least Concern (LC) on the IUCN Red List, and its populations are steady.

References

https://animalia.bio/xeme

xeme pronunciation

Sabine's-gull

How do you say xeme correctly? xeme Xeme pronunciation. The word “xeme” can be pronounced in the following ways. Pick the accent you prefer.

xeme bird

xeme bird

People also ask

Is XEME a bird?

Small gulls like the Xeme (Sabine’s gull) can be found in North America and Europe. It migrates across oceans, spends the winters in warmer tropical waters, and spends the breeding season in the Arctic. This bird can frequently be seen hunting for insects and fish by wading through shallow ponds and tidal flats.

How do you pronounce the name XEME?

And z z zeem zim and now that you know like this video if you found it helpful i appreciate your support here are more videos for you to learn more correct pronunciations.

What is the habitat of the xeme?

Xeme enjoy swampy, mossy regions with lots of lakes, tidal marshes, and shallow brackish pools, and they reproduce on coasts and in tundra. These birds use deep, chilly ocean waters and are quite pelagic outside of the breeding season.

Which bird is eagle?

Any of the numerous enormous, bulky-beaked, big-footed raptors in the family Accipitridae (order Accipitriformes), including eagles. A bird of prey that is stronger than a buteo is generally referred to as an eagle.

What is a xeme animal?

Talk in Articles. The fork-tailed gull, also called the Sabine’s gull (/sebn/ SAY-bin) (Xema sabini), is a small gull. The sole species included in the genus Xema is this one. On beaches and in tundra colonies, it breeds, laying two or three spotted olive-brown eggs in a grass-lined ground nest.

What is the scientific name for a xeme?

The fork-tailed gull, commonly referred to as the Sabine’s gull (Xema sabini), is a little gull. Its placement in the genus Xema as the solitary species under the name Xema sabini is controversial; other writers maintain that it belongs under the name Larus sabini.

Where do XEME live?

Xeme are circumpolar creatures that live in northernmost North America and Eurasia and breed in the Arctic.

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