KINGDOM             Animalia

PHYLUM                Chordata

SUBPHYLUM         Vertebrata

CLASS                   Mammalia

ORDER                  Artiodactyla

SUBORDER           Ruminantia

FAMILY                 Cervidae

SUBFAMILY          Cervinae

GENUS                 Elaphodus


TUFTED DEER Elaphodes cephalophus, a tiny species of deer, with teeth that resemble fans and a noticeable tuft of black hair on its forehead. It is a near cousin of the Matujek, who inhabit a larger region of central China and northeastern Myanmar and reside farther north. This deer is rated as Near Threatened because it is being overhunted and its habitat is being destroyed. The Elaphodes genus only has one species in it.
A tiny species of deer with the scientific name Elaphodus cephalophus, the is recognised for its unique morphological characteristics. The is a native of parts of China and Myanmar, and it prefers hilly and wooded habitats.
The gets its name from a thick tuft of black hair on its forehead, which is one of its most distinctive features. Males tend to have this tuft protrude more than females do. The typical greyish-brown or reddish-brown colour of the deer’s coat acts as an efficient camouflage in its natural environment. They measure around 100 to 130 centimetres (40 to 51 inches) in length, with a shoulder height of roughly 55 to 75 centimetres (22 to 30 inches), and have a rather short tail. Older Tufted Deer generally weigh between 37 to 66 pounds (or 17 to 30 kilogrammes).

The TUFTED DEER large canine teeth, often known as fangs, which are noticeably longer in males and extend downward from their mouths, are one of its distinctive characteristics. Instead of being employed for eating or hunting, these fangs are mostly used for exhibition and combat during territory conflicts.
The majority of Tufted Deer’s diet consists of plants, including leaves, grasses, fruits, and buds. They lead a crepuscular lifestyle, spending the most of their time awake during dawn and night. They often live alone or in tiny family groupings made up of a male, a female, and their young due to their secretive and elusive nature.

Habitats that the Tufted Deer prefers include bamboo groves, thickets, and deep woods in areas with mountains. They have powerful legs for quick movements and keen senses to spot possible predators, making them well suited to their surroundings.
Due to habitat degradation and hunting pressure, the Tufted Deer’s conservation status is in jeopardy. Although their populations are now steady, their long-term existence is in danger due to habitat fragmentation and degradation. They are also hunted for their flesh, hide, and antlers, which are used as decorations and in traditional medicine.

The construction of protected areas and conservation initiatives are only two of the actions being taken to save the tufted deer and its environment. For the purpose of comprehending the ecology of the species and putting into practise successful conservation plans, research and monitoring are also crucial. The intriguing Tufted Deer has a distinctive look and behaviour.


Small deer known as “tufted deer” are distinguished by a characteristic tuft of black hair on their forehead. The males’ antlers are tiny spikes that hardly ever stick out past the hair tuft. The canines on the male deer, which resemble fangs, may be the animal’s most distinctive characteristic. The body of the Tufted deer is white below and rich chocolate brown on the upperparts. Its coat is made up of coarse hairs that resemble spines and gives it a shaggy look. When the deer runs while keeping its tail up, the white underside of the tail is visible.

TUFTED DEER Distribution

Living areas for tufted deer include northern Myanmar, eastern Tibet, and the southern and southern-eastern regions of China. Both deciduous and evergreen woods with a dense understory and a nearby freshwater source have them in high, moist forests close to the tree line. These deer are also attracted to salt licks that are nearby.

TUFTED DEER Habits and Lifestyle

Crepuscular in nature, tufted deer are reserved during the day and more active at night and in the evening. They roam along predetermined paths within their home range in bonded pairs or on their own. Males will battle to protect their territory, swiping at one another with their long fangs. They like locations with lots of covers so they can blend in. They are easily startled, and when they are, they will bark before running off in an erratic style, flashing their white tails with each jump and flopping down afterward to make it hard for an attacker to catch up with them. During the breeding season, barking is also used to find and contact breeding mates.

The(Elaphodus cephalous) has a number of intriguing behaviors and a unique way of life that help it survive and adapt to its natural environment. The following are some significant facets of the Tufted Deer’s habits and way of life.
Crepuscular and Nocturnal Behaviour: The is predominantly active at dawn and evening, making it a crepuscular animal. They can stay away from the extreme heat and potential predators who are more active during the day by engaging in this behavior. They have a reputation for hiding out in deep undergrowth or taking the day off to rest.
Tufted Deer normally live alone or in tiny family groups that include a male, a female, and their young. Being less gregarious than most animals, they favor protecting their own lands. Males delineate their territory by rubbing their scent glands on rocks and trees and scraping the ground with their hooves.

Male Tufted Deer exhibit territorial behavior and will protect their areas from other males. To communicate and establish dominance, they make use of vocalizations and scent markers. Males frequently engage in head-to-head pushing bouts and flaunt their extended canines during aggressive interactions.
Vocalizations and Communication: Communicate with one another by using a variety of vocalizations. They make a variety of noises, including bleats, whistles, and barks. These vocalizations are used to communicate with family members, declare territorial claims, and warn others of impending danger.
Diet: Deer eats mostly plants, making up the majority of its diet. materials. They eat fruits, grasses, herbs, leaves, buds, and new shoots. They have digestive systems that are well-developed and suited to consuming plant food quickly. They also have specialized teeth.

They are highly suited to their wooded habitat, which is their niche. They can maneuver through thick undergrowth with agility because of their slim bodies and powerful legs. They can blend into their environment and evade predators thanks to their grayish-brown or reddish-brown coat, which offers camouflage.
Predators and Defence: Despite their concealment, tufted deer are at risk from wolves, leopards, and other apex predators. They rely on their strong hearing and eyesight, among other keen senses, to identify predators and flee when in peril. When confronted, they can utilize their powerful legs and pointed hooves. Understanding the behavior, adaptations, and ecological function of the Tufted Deer helps us better understand their behavior and way of life. They can live and prosper in the hilly and wooded areas they call home because of these traits.

TUFTED DEER Mating Habits

Tufted-Deer Facts


BABY CARRYING       1.2-2.1 fawns

INDEPENDENT AGE   6.5 months

FEMALE NAME            Doe, Hind

MALE NAME                 Buck, Stag

BABY NAME                     Fawn

Tufted deer are polygynous, which means that during one mating season, an adult male mates with several females. Males bark to attract females during the season, which lasts from September to December. A 6-month gestation period results in the birth of one to two young in early summer. Newborns are capable of standing shortly after birth. Up until the age of six months, their mother breastfeeds and looks after them. The sexual maturity of tufted deer occurs between the ages of 18 months and 2 years.

TUFTED DEER Population


Tufted deer (Elaphodis cephalophus) populations are not well documented due to the elusive nature of the species and the challenging terrain of its habitat. However, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) currently lists the tufted deer as a species of “Least Concern” in terms of conservation status, indicating that overall population numbers are relatively stable. Is.
Tufted deer are native to certain regions of China, including the central and southwestern provinces, as well as northeastern Myanmar. Within its range, the deer occupies mountainous areas, dense forests, and bamboo groves. Their habitat preferences often coincide with rugged and less accessible terrain, making comprehensive population surveys difficult.

Several factors contribute to the stability of tufted deer populations

Habitat Preservation: Species benefit from the presence of protected areas and national parks within their range. These areas provide a degree of conservation and protection measures, which preserve suitable habitat for tufted deer.
Adaptability: Tufted deer have shown a certain level of adaptation to fragmented and disturbed habitats, such as secondary forests and areas of human activity.

These adaptations may contribute to the species’ ability to maintain stable populations.
Limited Commercial Exploitation: Although the tufted deer has been hunted for its meat, skin and antlers, the scale of commercial exploitation is currently considered low. However, local food poaching and poaching can still pose local threats.
Despite its relatively stable population status, the tufted deer faces a number of conservation challenges:
Habitat Loss and Fragmentation: Continued deforestation, habitat degradation, and fragmentation are the primary threats to the species. These activities result from human expansion, agriculture, logging, and infrastructure development, which can reduce the availability of suitable habitat for deer.
Hunting pressures: Although commercial exploitation is limited, subsistence and local trade hunting still occurs in some areas. Hunting for meat, as well as the traditional use of body parts for medicinal and decorative purposes, can affect local populations if not permanently managed.
To ensure the long-term conservation of tufted deer, efforts are focused on habitat conservation, protected area management and sustainable hunting practices. Continuous research, population monitoring, and conservation measures are necessary to understand population dynamics and implement effective conservation measures.

TUFTED DEER Population threats

The biggest danger to Tufted deer is local hunting for meat and fur, which results in thousands of deaths each year. The habitat of this species is threatened by logging and deforestation for agriculture.

TUFTED DEER Population number

There are no published estimates of population number or trend, according to the IUCN Red List. In 1998, it is believed that China had a population of between 300,000 and 500,000 animals. The IUCN Red List presently classifies Tufted deer as near threatened (NT), with a declining population overall.

TUFTED DEER Fun Facts for Kids

The enormously long canines that protrude from the Tufted deer’s mouth and resemble fangs give the animal a vampire-like appearance.
The little tuft of hair on this deer’s forehead, which is either black or brown, gave rise to its popular name.
Males’ huge teeth play a significant role in resolving disputes. Two males often bump into one other and begin to push one another with their little antlers. The second one pounces with his fangs extended as soon as one of them begins to wobble and lose his equilibrium. As a result, the stronger deer typically prevails.
A baby is referred to as a “fawn” or “ass.” Males are referred to as a “buck,” “stag,” or “bull,” while females are called a “doe,” “hind,” or “cow.”‘Herd’ is the term used to describe a group of tufted deer.
A Tufted deer runs in a S pattern when being pursued, making it challenging for the opponent to catch it.’Vampire Bambi’ is a moniker for tufted deer.

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