Snake sometimes referred to by their scientific name, Serpents, and are distinguished by their long, elongated bodies, which resemble heads with long tails. Their bodies are extraordinarily strong, yet they make use of their strength in several ways.


Scientific Classification


Snake Locations


Lizards are also reptiles, and they share a close affinity with snakes. Despite lacking eyelids or ear openings, snakes are nonetheless cherished pets among a diverse range of owners. It is also known by the fabled symbol of the serpent, which is widely recognized worldwide.

5 Incredible Snake Facts

  • Just 600 of the more than 4,000 distinct species are poisonous. Nonvenomous snakes include kingsnakes and gopher snakes. There are just 200 of these snakes strong enough to injure a person.
  • Despite being reptiles, they lack earholes and eyelids, much like lizards.
  • Snakes have teeth, however they do not chew their food. Rather, they ingest it entire.
  • With the exception of Antarctica, all continents are home to these reptiles.
  • The longest-living snake, which is 62 years old, is found in Missouri.

Scientific Name


These reptiles are members of the Phylum Chordata and the kingdom Animalia. Their scientific name is Serpentes. They belong to the order Squamata, which is called Reptilia. We refer to this clade as Ophidia.
The Latin term “serpō,” which meaning “creep” or “crawl,” is the source of the term serpentes, which is sometimes abbreviated as the serpent in mythological tales.

Evolution and Origins

A class of reptiles known as snakes descended from lizards some 150 million years ago, during the Late Jurassic epoch. They can traverse through a variety of environments, including grasslands, deserts, and woodlands, with ease thanks to their evolved long, slender bodies and lack of limbs.
It is believed that descended from terrestrial lizards, with four legs most likely on their predecessors. Snakes went through an evolutionary process called reduction whereby they gradually lost their limbs. This is what happens when bodily parts grow smaller until they eventually vanish since they are no longer needed.



All that appears to be a snake’s are its head and tail, which span the whole length of its body. The world’s longest snake, the reticulated python, is over 20 feet long, but some snakes are as short as 4.1 inches, such as the Barbados thread snake.

Each species of these reptiles will have different teeth. While many species have several razor-sharp teeth, those that are poisonous have fangs. The venom of venomous is usually stored in glands located in the skull, behind the eyes. There are just 600 or so venomous species of snakes. A snake, often known as a serpent, possesses internal ears instead of earholes.

These reptiles have human-like skin underneath their scaled exterior. these. While some have smooth scales, others have keeled scales with a ridge running down the middle of each scale. The species determines the markings, yet almost every hue is present.
While a snake’s color may indicate its level of danger, its pattern helps distinguish deadly species from friendly ones. They can be found in every hue of the rainbow, including black, blue, green, yellow, and red.
At the end of their tail, rattlesnakes produce a loud noise that warns other animals and people to stay away. It’s also critical to remember that not all animals that resemble snakes actually are snakes. The animal’s anatomy also provides insight into the hunting strategy. While short, thick normally wait for their prey to approach, animals with long, thin bodies are usually more active predators, frequently pursuing their prey.
For additional information on snake anatomy, see here. Learn about the world’s most colorful by reading this article as well.



Snakes rely heavily on their extraordinary sense of smell when hunting. They search for the compounds in the air as they flick out their tongues. Other snakes will make use of their sense of body temperature. Venom and constriction are usually the primary means of defeating the prey.
Because their bodies cannot regulate their own temperature, these reptiles search for suitable environments to stay warm. Depending on what they need, will alternate between warm and cool environments.
As they mature shed their skin; many do it two to four times a year. Although it can be somewhat unpleasant, reptiles go through a healthy process of shedding.

Even though certain animals have venom, most people don’t. Merely thirty percent of the 600 species of poisonous snakes are capable of inflicting any form of damage on people, and even fewer may take their lives. Discover more about the world’s toughest animals here.
Even though reptiles don’t normally consume humans, they will nonetheless bite if they feel threatened. There are several animals where this bite can be lethal. The planet is home to several terrifying and hazardous animals, the deadliest of which is the saw-scaled viper, which has killed more people than any other.

Common Types


Pythons: There are 42 officially recognized species in the family Pythons of snakes. Although the majority of these reptiles are found in Asia, Australia, and Africa, the Burmese python was brought to the Florida Everglades and is now regarded as an invasive species. The majority of the species in this family are “ambush predators,” which means they wait for their victim to pass before striking.
Elapids: Although most elapids are referred to as “cobras,” this is not the case for all elapids. There are both terrestrial and aquatic species of these, which are distinguished by erect, poisonous fangs at the front of their mouths. Elapids are found exclusively in tropical and subtropical areas across the globe.

Rattlesnakes: Located throughout the American continent, rattlesnakes are distinguished by the sound produced by their tails. This serves as a deterrent to predators. Forcible attacks by rattlesnakes on humans are uncommon, although in North America, rattlesnake bites are the most common cause of snakebite injuries. They are an illustration of a pit viper from the family Viperidae of snakes.
Garters: In North and Central America, garter are usually not harmful. Long thought to be non-venomous, these really produce a neurotoxic venom that is too weak to harm or kill humans, according to current research.

Additional types of snakes include:

  • Cobras
  • King cobra
  • Vipers
  • Anaconda
  • Green anaconda
  • Ball python
  • Grass snake
  • Titanoboa
  • Kingsnakes
  • Corn snake
  • Boa constrictor
  • Colubrid Snakes
  • Inland taipan
  • Acrochordus arafurae
  • Mambas
  • Black mamba
  • Boas
  • Coral reef snakes
  • Taipan
  • Eastern brown snake
  • Red-bellied black snake
  • Boomslang
  • Elapid snakes
  • Emerald tree boa
  • Queen snake
  • Brahminy blind snake
  • Xenopeltis unicolor
  • Elephant trunk snake
  • Blind snakes
  • Acrochordus granulatus
  • Malpolon monspessulanus
  • Sunbeam snakes
  • Mole snake
  • Gigantophis garstini
  • Cylindrophis ruffus
  • Typhlopidae
  • Lamprophis
  • Najash rionegrina
  • Ninia
  • Amblyodipsas
  • Anilius
  • False cobra
  • Sharp-tailed snakes
  • Alethinophidia
  • Mole Vipers
  • Psammophis
  • Uropeltidae


Snake Habitat

Given their versatility, a wide variety of snakes can thrive in any climate on Earth. While Antarctica is the only continent devoid of Ireland, New Zealand, and Iceland are among the few nations without any native snake populations. One of the rare states without any native species is Alaska.
The range of possible habitats is equal to that of the usual habitat. These reptiles can be found in tropical regions both on land and in aquatic situations. Most live on land, but the water moccasin and the water snake frequently inhabit areas near or in the water. They can exist in rainforests, meadows, deserts, and prairies, depending on their species.


Snake Diet

Given that they only eat other creatures, these reptiles are said to be carnivorous. They seek after amphibians, insects, and mammals, and can select either warm-blooded or cold-blooded prey; certain species only eat other snakes and lizards.
While all snakes kill their prey entire, there are differences in the methods by which they incapacitate them. In order to cling onto their prey, boas and pythons will bite them. They will then wrap their bodies around the victim and squeeze out its life. The animal will inject its prey with venom if it possesses fangs. A sac that is concealed behind the eyes is the source of the venom.

Predators and Threats


Although these reptiles are comparatively swift and proficient hunters, numerous other creatures also feed on them. Humans are one of these reptiles’ main predators because some hunt them for food, clothing, and a variety of other uses. But aren’t thought to be endangered in general.
Deforestation, hunting, and climate change can have a deleterious effect on these reptiles’ populations. In the end, the threat posed by varies depending on a number of variables, including their species, habitat, and meat production. See this page to learn about some endangered snake species.

What Eats Snakes?

Even though these reptiles are skilled hunters, other creatures such as coyotes and huge birds regularly consume these reptiles.
In addition, foxes, raccoons, wild boars, mongooses, and other animals that can pick them up and eat them chase them. Certain species of snakes, like king cobras, indigo , and king, feed on other species.
Fortunately, every species has a unique defense mechanism against intruders. Their ability to blend in and provide extra protection through concealing is crucial to their defense. When all else fails, venomous animals will bite, but they usually try to escape.

Snake What Do Eat?

These reptiles can eat a wide variety of small animals because they are all carnivores. The animal follows a diet that is appropriate for its kind. Possible meals include fish, amphibians, snails, earthworms, birds, rodents, and rabbits. A few snakes consume eggs.
Learn about some snakes that consume fish and some that consume birds by reading on.



For these reptiles, internal fertilization is the primary method of reproduction. The male of most species discharges the sperm from one of its two organs, and together, their bodies become entwined. Some females can retain the male’s sperm for two to five years before fertilization, therefore the female doesn’t always get pregnant with her offspring immediately away.
The female’s type of birth will be determined by her species. Ovoviviparous means that rattle and garter snakes give birth to their young while still living. On the other hand, oviparous species—such as the corn and the ball python—lay eggs. Actually, rather than being ovoviviparous, oviparous reptiles make up about 70% of the total species.


The quantity of viable offspring or eggs will differ significantly. Although the diamondback water snake can have up to 40 offspring in a litter, most snakes who give birth to live young typically have between 10 and 30 babies in each litter.
The live-bearing females frequently locate a protected area to give birth to their young. The clutch size varies greatly across species that deposit eggs. Even though ball pythons can only lay one egg at a time, some clutches can produce as many as 100 eggs a year.
The longevity of is determined by its species. The many species of boas can live for approximately 25 to 50 years, whereas lesser species only live for fewer than ten years.
The longest-living as of September 2023 is a 65-year-old ball python.and resides in Missouri’s St. Louis Zoo.


There are more than 4,000 different species of snakes in the globe, and the overall population varies by nation. It’s interesting to note that some nations, like Antarctica, have no native species at all. This is a list of snakes from prehistoric times.
Despite the fact that the majority of pose no threat to humans, they are generally disliked and misunderstood.
With a few exceptions of species with smaller numbers, the IUCN lists as “not extinct” in general. The world’s most well-known snakes are listed here.

Snake In the Zoo


Since these reptiles can be found in almost all large zoos, the public can learn more about the various varieties of these animals that exist throughout the world. Since zoos typically house snakes native to their area, the species will differ from one site to the next.
The majority of species will just unwind in their tanks when they encounter this reptile. To give visitors a closer view, some zoos (like the Virginia Living Museum) offer demonstrations outside of the tanks. The usual dread of snakes might be lessened with more knowledge and awareness of these creatures.
It’s possible that zoo-dwelling don’t display the same external signs of disease as their wild counterparts. Zookeepers are well knowledgeable about the symptoms that these snakes exhibit, which enables prompt medical attention when they become ill.

List of Snakes

  • Agkistrodon Contortrix
  • Albino (Amelanistic) Corn Snake
  • Amethystine Python (Scrub Python)
  • Antiguan Racer Snake
  • Arizona Black Rattlesnake
  • Asian Vine Snake
  • Baird’s Rat Snake
  • Ball Python
  • Banana Cinnamon Ball Python
  • Banded Krait
  • Bird Snake
  • Bismarck Ringed Python
  • Black Mamba
  • Black Pastel Ball Python
  • Black Rat Snake
  • Black-Tailed Rattlesnake
  • Blue Racer
  • Boas
  • Boelen’s python
  • Boiga
  • Bredl’s Python
  • Brown Snake
  • Brown Tree Snake
  • Bullsnake
  • California Kingsnake
  • Cantil
  • Carpet Python
  • Cascabel
  • Cat Snake
  • Cat-Eyed Snake
  • Checkered Garter Snake
  • Children’s python
  • Chinese Cobra
  • Coachwhip Snake
  • Coastal Carpet Python
  • Coastal Taipan
  • Cobras
  • Collett’s Snake
  • Common European Adder
  • Congo Snake
  • Coral Snake
  • Corn Snake
  • Cow Reticulated Python
  • Cuban Boa
  • De Kay’s Brown Snake
  • Death Adder
  • Desert Ghost Ball Python
  • Desert Kingsnake
  • Diamond Python
  • Dragon Snake (Javan Tubercle Snake, Javan Mudsnake)
  • Dumeril’s Boa
  • Dwarf Boa
  • Eastern Brown Snake
  • Eastern Green Mamba
  • Eastern Hognose Snake
  • Eastern Tiger Snake
  • Emerald Tree Boa
  • Equatorial Spitting Cobra
  • False Cobra
  • False Water Cobra
  • Fer-de-lance Snake
  • Fierce Snake
  • Fire Ball Python
  • Flying Snake
  • Forest Cobra
  • Fox Snakes
  • Freeway Ball Python
  • Golden Lancehead
  • Gopher Snake
  • Grass Snake
  • Green Mamba
  • Green Snake
  • Ground Snake
  • Habu Snake
  • Harlequin Coral Snake
  • Horned Adder
  • IMG Boa Constrictor
  • Indian python
  • Indigo Snake
  • Inland Taipan
  • Jamaican Boa
  • Jungle Carpet Python
  • Killer Clown Ball Python
  • King Rat Snake
  • King Snake
  • Lavender Albino Ball Python
  • Lemon Blast Ball Python
  • Lipstick Albino Boa
  • Madagascar Tree Boa
  • Malayan Krait
  • Mamba
  • Mamushi Snake
  • Mandarin Rat Snake
  • Mangrove Snake
  • Mexican Black Kingsnake
  • Moccasin Snake
  • Mojave Ball Python
  • Mojave Rattlesnake
  • Mole Snake
  • Monocled Cobra
  • Moonglow Boa
  • Mulga Snake
  • Mussurana Snake
  • Night Adder
  • Night Snake
  • Oenpelli python
  • Olive python
  • Orange Dream Ball Python
  • Ornate Black-Tailed Rattlesnake
  • Palaeophis
  • Panda Pied Ball Python
  • Paradise Flying Snake
  • Parrot Snake
  • Peringuey’s Adder
  • Pied Ball Python
  • Pine Snake
  • Pipe Snake
  • Pit Viper
  • Plains Hognose Snake
  • Pygmy python
  • Pygmy Rattlesnake
  • Python
  • Queen Snake
  • Rat Snakes
  • Red Diamondback Rattlesnake
  • Red Spitting Cobra
  • Red-Bellied Black Snake
  • Reticulated python
  • Rhino Viper
  • Rhombic Egg-Eater Snake
  • Ribbon Snake
  • Rim Rock Crowned Snake
  • Rinkhals Snake
  • Rosy Boa
  • Rough Earth Snake
  • Rubber Boa
  • Russel’s Viper
  • Savu Python
  • Saw-scaled Viper
  • Scaleless Ball Python
  • Sidewinder
  • Smooth Earth Snake
  • Smooth Green Snake
  • Smooth Snake
  • Southern Black Racer
  • Spider Ball Python
  • Spiny bush viper
  • Spotted python
  • Sunbeam Snake
  • Sunset Ball Python
  • Super Pastel Ball Python
  • Tasmanian Tiger Snake
  • Tentacled Snake
  • Texas Garter Snake
  • Texas Indigo Snake
  • Tiger snake
  • Timber Rattlesnake (Canebrake Rattlesnake)
  • Timor python
  • Tree Snake
  • Tree Viper (Bamboo Viper)
  • Urutu Snake
  • Viper
  • Viper Boa
  • Western Diamondback Rattlesnake
  • Western Green Mamba
  • Western Rat Snake
  • Western Rattlesnake (Northern Pacific Rattlesnake)
  • Wolf Snake
  • Woma Python
  • Worm Snake
  • Yarara
  • Yellow Belly Ball Python
  • Yellow-Bellied Sea Snake
  • Zebra Snake
  • Zebra Spitting Cobra

Snake FAQs

Are all snakes in Queensland venomous?

There are roughly 120 different species of snakes in Queensland. Of these, over 65% are poisonous. Elapids, or front-fanged, and certain colubrids, or rear-fanged , are the two categories of snakes that produce venom.
The elapids are composed of 51 species of land and 23 species of sea snakes. Among the land snakes are some of the most dangerous in the world, including the king brown snake (also called the mulga), brown and taipan.
The brown tree is one of five species of colubrid snakes that ejects a little venom through its back of the mouth fangs. These do not present a hazard to human safety because of their inadequate venom delivery. The common tree snake is one of five additional colubrid snake species that do not possess poison or fangs.

How do I tell if a snake is dangerous or not?

To tell a harmless snake from a hazardous one, there is no hard-and-fast rule. Positive identification of several snake species can frequently be challenging, especially for the unskilled observer. Generally speaking, you should always exercise caution and stay away from snakes.
There are specific characteristics and behaviors that set different species distinct and can be used to identify them. It’s always a good idea to familiarize yourself with the traits of the many snake species you can come across if you reside in or are visiting an area where snakes are common. This will make you more conscious of the typical you can see and enable you to respond effectively if You do come upon them.
The following descriptions may help you familiarize yourself with some common you might come across. Further information can be found on the Queensland Museum website and in a number of books. By comparing descriptions of scale patterns and counts provided in identification guides, even shed snake skins can be identified.

Can you identify a snake accurately by its colour?

It’s not a good idea to recognize snakes just by their color. The color and pattern of differ significantly between species and even within species. Although some specialists can recognize snakes by sight, physical traits such as the type of scales on the head, the amount of scales surrounding the midbody, and the type of teeth are the most reliable ways to identify snakes. It is forbidden to catch for identification, and doing so can be quite dangerous. If it is safe to snap a photo, it can be compared to the images on this page for snake identification or by visiting the Queensland Museum website. The photo can be sent to the Queensland Museum for identification if this doesn’t yield a response


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