Robo dwarf hamster, desert hamster, Roborovski dwarf hamster, and dwarf hamster

KINGDOM                                    AnimaliaPHYLUM                                       ChordataSUBPHYLUM                               VertebrataCLASS                                         MammaliaORDER                                          RodentiaFAMILY                                        CricetidaeGENUS                                         Phodopus

The ROBOROVSKI HAMSTER (Phodopus roborovskii), also known as the desert hamster, Robo dwarf hamster, or simply the dwarf hamster, is the smallest of the three hamster species in the genus Phodopus. It lives in the deserts of Central Asia, averaging 2 cm (0.8 in) at birth and 4.5–5 cm (1.8–2.0 in) at maturity and 20–25 g (0.71–0.88 oz). Distinguishing features of Roborovskis are the white eyebrow-like spots and the lack of any dorsal stripe (found on other members of the genus Phodops). The average lifespan of a Roborovski hamster is 2-3 years, although this depends on living conditions (maximum four years in captivity and two in the wild). Roborovskis are reputed to gallop up to 6 kilometres every night and are famed for their speed.
The Roborovski hamster is one of the cutest and most adorable tiny pets among the wide variety of gorgeous species that live on our planet. The ROBOROVSKI HAMSTER (Phodopus roborovskyi) is a little and endearing animal with a huge personality. It was named after the Russian explorer Lt. Vsevolod Roborovsky who originally found the species in 1894. The world of Roborovski hamsters, their distinctive traits, care needs, and the delight they offer to their owners are all covered in this article.The tiniest and swiftest type of hamster is the roborovski. They have a small and compact structure, measuring about 4 to 5 centimetres in length and weighing only 20 to 25 grammes. These hamsters have a compact, stocky build, a round head, big black eyes, and tiny round ears. They often have sandy brown fur that reaches their white bellies and has a white brow mark over each eye.

smallest hamster in the world

smallest hamster

The Roborovski hamster, which normally reaches a length of 4-5 cm (1.5-2 in), is the tiniest breed of domestic hamster in the world. These hamsters are native to northern China and Mongolia.



The smallest hamster species are the Roborovski hamsters. They may be identified by white patches that resemble eyebrows and by the absence of any dorsal stripes. They have sandy-colored, silky fur. There are now 10 confirmed Roborovski hamster variants. Agouti, “white face”, “husky”, “mottled” or “pied”, “platinum”, “head spot”, “white-from-white-faced” or “dark-eared white”, “white-from-pied” or “pure white,” and “red-eyed” are a few of them.
Roborovski hamsters are little, but they have a vibrant personality. They are extremely spirited, curious, and active creatures who are renowned for their amazing speed and agility. These hamsters are naturally gregarious creatures, yet they get along better with other animals than with people. They do not fit the description of prone to handling as some other hamster species, but they may become acclimated to human contact with careful and patient engagement from an early age.
ROBOROVSKI HAMSTER are housed in safe cages with a short bar area to avoid any danger of escape due to their extraordinary speed and small stature. To keep their active brains occupied, it’s also critical to provide them with a tonne of toys, tunnels, and wheels.






The basin of the lake Zaysan in Kazakhstan, as well as the Chinese provinces of Xinjiang, Tuva, and Mongolia, are home to Roborovski hamsters. They seldom occur in locations with dense vegetation and firm clay substrates; instead, they prefer sandy deserts and areas with loose sand and sparse vegetation. They are well adapted to the steppe and desert environments they live in because to their efficient water consumption.

ROBOROVSKI HAMSTER Habits and Lifestyle

Typically, roborovski hamsters live alone. Even though they don’t raise children, they may live in couples. They excavate and occupy burrows with sloping tunnels that may be found up to six feet underground. Even at very low temperatures, Roborovski hamsters don’t hibernate throughout the winter. They save some food during the warmer months and keep it in designated food chambers within their burrow system to help them survive the winter below. Crepuscular Roborovski hamsters are most active around dawn and dusk in the wild. These hamsters are noted for their speed, and it has been estimated that they run an average of four marathons per night.
The well-being of Roborovski hamsters depends on the creation of a suitable environment. They tend to burrow, thus a large cage or tank with a firm bottom is advised. They need a minimum of 360 square inches of floor area for their exploration and exercise. suitable sleeping materials, such as Use bedding made of paper or other materials, such as Spanish shavings, while making sure it is free of any dangerous materials or excessive dust.
Due to their original desert habitats in northern China and Mongolia, roborovski hamsters require a warm, dry environment. Between 20 and 24 degrees Celsius (68-75 degrees Fahrenheit), with low humidity, is the best temperature range for these hamsters. For these little creatures to live in a healthy environment, habitat and area cleaning must be done often.

Diet and Nutrition

In addition to eating plants, grains, vegetables, fruits, and other foods, roborovski hamsters will occasionally consume meat and insects. For Roborovski hamsters to remain healthy, a balanced diet with a wide variety of foods is necessary. As the foundation of their meal, high-quality hamster pellet mix should be combined with fresh produce, fruits, and mealworms, an occasional protein source. A sipper bottle of fresh water should always be accessible.
Due to their propensity to hoard food, it is crucial to monitor the Roborovski hamsters’ dietary consumption. Obesity and nutritional imbalances may be avoided by eliminating any extra stored food and ensuring a steady supply of fresh meals.
Due to their small size and busy lifestyle, roborovski hamsters need balanced and nourishing food to be healthy and strong. We give a brief summary of their nutritional requirements and the key factors to take into account while feeding them in this section.
Simple Diet: Premium Hamster Pellet Blend
A Roborovski hamster’s diet should be based on a premium hamster pellet blend. These pellet mixtures are designed particularly to give the vitamins and minerals that hamsters need for good health. Choose a pellet mixture that is especially made for dwarf hamsters so that it may meet their special nutritional requirements.
Supplements: Fresh Fruits & Vegetables
Roborovski hamsters can benefit from a variety of fresh vegetables and fruits in addition to the hamster pellets fruits. Safe veggies like carrots, broccoli, cucumber, and leafy greens like spinach or romaine lettuce should be served in modest quantities. Fruits should only be introduced gradually because of their high sugar content. Apple, pears, or berries in little pieces are acceptable fruit selections.
Treats: Foods High in Protein and Chewable
Roborovski hamsters can get protein snacks in moderation. Mealworms, little bits of cooked chicken, or scrambled eggs can occasionally be used as sources of protein. These treats shouldn’t be a regular component of the dog’s diet; instead, they should be used for training or as a special incentive.
It’s also crucial to provide chewable materials like untreated fruit tree branches or wooden toys. This support keeping their teeth clean and satiating their natural want to nibble teeth in good health and shape.

Accessible and freshwater:

Roborovski hamsters ought to have constant access to pure, fresh water. Water should be made available to them in a sipper bottle that is securely fastened to their cage and placed at a level that is within their reach. To guarantee a steady supply, check and replenish the water bottle frequently.
Keeping an eye on your diet and avoiding hoarding. Food is often stored in the nests of Roborovski hamsters. To make sure they are consuming a balanced diet, it is crucial to keep an eye on their food consumption. Remove any leftovers or surplus food to avoid spoilage or nutritional imbalances.
For the general health and lifespan of Roborovski hamsters, a balanced diet is essential. a mix of premium hamster pellets, fresh produce, and You may assist them to achieve their nutritional needs by giving them sometimes fruits, protein snacks, and chewable foods. In order to keep them healthy, it is crucial to monitor their food consumption, give them access to clean water, and forbid food hoarding. You may support your Roborovski hamster companion’s health and pleasure by providing balanced food and nutrients.

Roborovski hamster size

The smallest of the three species of hamsters in the genus Phodopus is the Roborovski hamster (Phodopus roborovskii), often known as the desert hamster, Robo dwarf hamster, or just dwarf hamster. It grows from 2 centimeters (0.8 in) at birth to 5 centimeters (2.0 in) and 20-25 grams (0.71-0.88 oz) as an adult in the deserts of Central Asia. The Roborovskis can be identified by their white patches that resemble eyebrows and lack of a dorsal stripe, which is present in other Phodopus species. The Roborovski hamster has a lifespan of two to three years on average, though this varies depending on the environment (the extremes being four years in captivity and two years in the wild). According to reports, Roborovskis can sprint up to six miles per hour.

Mating Habits

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REPRODUCTION SEASON    April-SeptemberPREGNANCY DURATION          20-22 daysBABY CARRYING                          6 pupsINDEPENDENT AGE                     20 daysFEMALE NAME                                doeMALE NAME                                   buckBABY NAME                                   pup

Roborovski hamsters’ mating behaviour and reproductive behaviours are little understood. Between April and September is the breeding season. The average female has three to four litters. The average number of puppies per litter ranges from three to nine. 20–22 days make up the gestation period. At birth, newborns weigh 1-2 grammes (0.035-0.074 oz), and by day 14, they have opened their eyes. After 18 days after birth, females quit feeding their puppies, and by 20 days old, they are ready for independence. Males reach reproductive maturity at 2.5 months, whereas females do at 2 months.


ROBOROVSKI HAMSTER Population threats

The Roborovski hamster is not seriously threatened. They do, however, suffer from the habitat deterioration brought on by an increase in cattle. Additionally, the rising death rate and other chemical contaminants pose a hazard to these creatures.

ROBOROVSKI HAMSTER Population number

The overall population size of the Robovski hamster is not disclosed by the IUCN Red List or other sources. In its known range, this species is widespread and common. The IUCN Red List now classifies this species as Least Concern (LC) since its numbers are stable.


Roborovski hamsters have gained popularity as pets in recent years, but due to their higher activity levels, which make them more stressed out than other domestic hamster species and make them harder to handle, they are best suited to life as merely observant animals with little interaction with humans.
In captivity, Roborovski hamsters typically survive for 26 months.
Roborovski hamsters, while being advertised as hypoallergenic, have been linked to the onset of asthma in previously asymptomatic owners.
Occasionally, a shallow dish of warm water may be required to remove dangerous compounds from a hamster’s hair; however, under normal conditions, hamsters should never be bathed in water since this might remove critical nutrients in addition to being extremely stressful. The protective oils from their coat can be extremely harmful and even lethal. To keep hamsters clean and healthy as they regularly groom themselves, a sand bath should be provided instead of water.
Roborovski hamsters have grown in popularity as pets in recent years due to their small size, blazing-fast agility, and endearing personalities. They might not be as soft or cuddly as other hamster species, but their lively behaviour and busy lifestyle are entertaining to watch. These little animals may thrive and provide their owners countless hours of happiness if they are given the right shelter, a healthy diet, and enough mental stimulation So the Roborovski hamster can be the ideal pet for you if you’re seeking for a little animal with personality.

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