GIANT SQUID

Animalia

A list of the kingdom’s species Animalia
Animals are multicellular, eukaryotic organisms that are members of the Animalia biological kingdom. They are also known as Metazoa. Animals generally ingest organic stuff, breathe oxygen, can move, mate sexually, and during embryonic development, their bodies are mounted on a hollow sphere of cells called the blastula. Contains A total of more than 7 million animal species are thought to exist, while more over 1.5 million live animal species—of which roughly 1 million are insects—have been described. From 8.5 micrometres (0.00033 in) to 33.6 metres (110 ft), animals can vary in length. They develop intricate food webs as a result of their complicated interactions with one another and their surroundings.The scientific study of animals is known as zoology.

The Bilateria, a clade with individuals who have a bilaterally symmetrical body plan, contains the majority of the extant animal species. Protostomes, which include invertebrates like nematodes, arthropods, and molluscs, and deuterostomes, which include echinoderms and chordates and latterly also include vertebrates, are examples of bilaterians. The organisms were thought to be the earliest creatures that existed in the Ediacaran biota of the late Precambrian. Numerous current animal phyla were unequivocally identified in the fossil record as marine animals during the Cambrian boom, which started around 542 million years ago. There are 6,331 gene families that are shared by all living things. They could have shared a 650 million-year-old progenitor through evolution.

Aristotle distinguished between blooded and non-blooded creatures in antiquity. Carl Linnaeus pioneered the Systema Naturae, published in 1758, was the first taxonomy biological categorization for animals. By 1809, Jean-Baptiste Lamarck had enlarged it into 14 phyla. Ernst Haeckel split the animal kingdom into protozoa for the Annowliaima, single-celled creatures no longer regarded as animals, and multicellular metazoa in 1874. Modern methods, such molecular phylogenetics, which are adept at uncovering evolutionary links between species, are used to classify animals biologically.

Numerous animal species are used by humans as pets, labour animals, food (including meat, milk, and eggs), materials (including leather and wool), and transportation. Many land and sea creatures have been hunted for sport, along with dogs and raptor birds. Nonhuman creatures are now widespread throughout antiquity and play a significant role in mythology and religion.

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Mollusca

List of the phylum’s species Mollusca

After arthropods, Mollusca is the biggest phylum of invertebrate organisms. Its members are referred to as molluscs. There are now over 85,000 recognised species of molluscs. It is predicted that there are an additional 60,000–100,000 species of fossil species. There are many species that are unnamed. Many taxes are taken into account.

With around 23% of all identified marine species, molluscs are the biggest marine phylum. Numerous molluscs also inhabit environments in freshwater and on land. They range widely in size and physical make-up, as well as in behaviour and environment. Two of the seven or eight taxonomic classes that make up the phylum are entirely extinct. mollusks with a head, like squid, cuttlefish, and The gigantic squid, also known as the callosal squid, is the biggest type of invertebrate while the octopus is the invertebrate with the most sophisticated nervous system. Gastropods (snails and slugs) make up 80% of all recorded species and are by far the most prevalent molluscs.

The primary chamber of the shell, which is utilised for breathing and excretion, the existence of a radula (except from in bivalves), and the design of the nervous system are the three features that contemporary molluscs share most in common. Molluscs display tremendous physical variability in addition to these shared characteristics, which is why many textbooks base their descriptions on a “hypothetical ancestral mollusk” (see image below). One “diaper-like” shell, formed of protein and chitin and strengthened with calcium carbonate, is located above it and is covered by a membrane the entire top layer. Muscular “foot” makes up the animal’s lower body. Mollusks are coelomates, although their coeloms are quite tiny. The main bodily cavity, or hemocoel, is where blood travels. Their circulatory systems are mostly open as a result. A “normal” mollusk’s feeding system is made up of a sharp “tongue,” the radula, a sophisticated digestive system that secretes mucus, and tiny, muscle-driven “hairs” called cilia that serve a number of functions. pay Two paired neural bones, or three in the molluscs, are present in generalised molluscs. In animals with brains, the oesophagus is surrounded by it. All mollusks have sensors for chemicals, vibration, and touch, and the majority of them have eyes. External fertilisation is the basis for the most basic form of mollusc reproductive system, however more sophisticated Variations happen. The majority of them lay eggs that can develop into trochophore larvae, more complicated veliger larvae, or tiny adults. Reduced is the coelomic cavity.

The Cambrian period, which lasted from 541 to 485.4 million years ago, provides strong evidence for the emergence of gastropods, cephalopods, and bivalves. Scientists continue to vigorously argue the evolutionary history of the development of molluscs from ancestor lophotrochozoa as well as the variety of their known creatures and ancient forms.

For physically contemporary people, mollusks have always been and continue to be a significant dietary source. However, there is a chance of food illness since toxins can build up in particular shellfish under specific circumstances, hence many nations have rules to lower the danger. Molluscs have also been a significant source of high-end products for millennia, including sea silk, mother-of-pearl, Tyrian purple, and pearls. Some pre-industrial tribes also utilised the shells of these animals as money.

A few mollusk species are occasionally viewed as pests or hazards to human activity. Blue octopus bites frequently result in death, and their apollyons can result in inflammation that lasts for over a month. A few species of huge tropical conifers may sting, yet while being simple to make, their complex venoms are now crucial tools in neurological study. Around 200 million individuals are afflicted by schistosomiasis, also known as schistosomiasis, schistosomiasis, or snail disease, which is spread to humans by water snails. Serious agricultural pests can also include snails and slugs.

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Cephalopoda

The class Cephalopoda species list
Any molluscan belonging to the class Cephalopoda, also known as “head-feet” in Greek as an octopus, cuttlefish, or nautilus, is referred to as a cephalopod. A large head, bilateral body symmetry, and a pair of arms or tentacles (muscular hydrostats) derived from the first molluscan foot are the distinguishing features of these only oceanic creatures. Cephalopods are commonly referred to as “inkfish” by fishermen because of their frequent capacity to spray ink. Teuthology, a subfield of malacology, is the study of cephalopods.

During the Ordovician era, cephalopods—represented by early nautiloids—became prominent. The Coleoidea subclass, which includes octopuses, squid, and cuttlefish, and the Nautiloidea subclass, which includes Nautilus and Allonautilus, are the only two extant subclasses that are even remotely linked to one another. The molluscan shell in the Coleoidea has In contrast to the Nautiloidea, which lacks or has internalised its exterior shell. There are over 800 extant species of cephalopods. The Ammonoidea (ammonites) and Belemnoidea (belemnites) are two significant extinct taxa. The biggest living invertebrate, the 14 m (45.1 ft) giant squid, is the largest cephalopod and is 10 mm (0.3 in) in length.

Cephalopods currently number over 800 different species, while more are constantly being discovered. Approximately 11,000 extinct genera have been identified, although cephalopods are difficult to fossilise due to their delicate bodies. Cephalopods are present in every ocean on Earth. One notable partial exception is the short squid, Lolliguncula brevis, which lives in Chesapeake Bay and can only survive in brackish water.
Due to several biochemical limitations, cephalopods are believed to be unable to survive in fresh water and have never been found in entirely freshwater settings in their >400 million year history. From the abyssal plain to the ocean’s surface, cephalopods make up the majority of the ocean’s depth. Their richness is most close to the equator (about 40 species were found in nets at 11°N by a diversity survey), and it declines further from the poles (about 5 species were found at 60°N).

Oegopsida

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Architeuthidae

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Architeuthis

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