KINGDOM                                         AnimaliaPHYLUM                                            ChordataSUBPHYLUM                                    VertebrataCLASS                                                ReptiliaORDER                                             SquamataFAMILY                                             LacertidaeGENUS                                               LacertaSPECIES                                         Lacerta viridis


The European green lizard (Lacerta viridis) is a large lizard found in the midlatitudes of Europe, from Slovenia and eastern Austria to as far east as the Black Sea beaches of Turkey and Ukraine. It can frequently be observed hiding behind shrubs or lounging on rocks or lawns.
The scientific name for the European green lizard is Lacerta viridis, and it is a species of reptile that is a member of the Lacertidae family. It may be found all throughout Europe, with a range that stretches from Western Europe to areas of Asia, including Turkey and the Caucasus. Additionally, several regions of North Africa are home to this lizard.

The vivid green colour of the European green lizard, which makes it easy for it to blend in with its environment, is one of its distinctive characteristics. It is crucial to remember that the degree of green might vary based on the individual, the surroundings, and the lizard’s physiological state. In reaction to stress or temperature fluctuations, the colour may become dark or grey. In terms of morphology, the European body of a green lizard is long and lean, often measuring 25 to 35 cm, and its tail can extend as far as its body. Adult males are bigger than females, with a wider head and a stronger physique to show for it. The appearance of a vivid blue colour on the male’s neck, which is utilised to attract mates and establish dominance, is one of the characteristics that set males apart during the mating season.

The majority of the time, European green lizards are diurnal, or active throughout the day. They are adept climbers and may be found in a wide range of habitats, including woods, grasslands, rocky outcrops, and even urban settings like parks and gardens. They are swift predators that eat a variety of invertebrates, including such as spiders, snails, and insects. They may also consume plants, fruits, and other small vertebrates like tiny birds and rodents. Males participate in territorial displays throughout the mating season, which typically takes place in the spring or early summer, to establish dominance and entice females. Among these behaviours include head nodding, push-ups, and showing a blue throat. When the female is drawn, wooing starts, and mating takes place.

Eggs are laid by female European green lizards in sand, decomposing vegetation, or small burrows. Depending on the size and health of the female, the size of the clutch might range from 6 to 20 eggs. The hatchlings emerge many weeks following the incubation period. Young lizards are autonomous and completely capable of surviving on their own from the moment they are born. Although certain local populations may suffer risks, the European green lizard is classed as a species of Least Concern by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). Their populations may be impacted by habitat loss, fragmentation, and degradation brought on by urbanisation, agricultural practises, and deforestation. Additionally, illegal pet trade collecting and road fatalities are issues in several regions.

The major goals of conservation efforts are to save the European green lizard’s native habitats, guarantee the availability of good breeding grounds, and increase public understanding of the significance of these reptiles in preserving ecological equilibrium. To learn more about their population dynamics, behaviour, and reaction to environmental changes, monitoring and research projects are launched.


Southeast Europe is home to the sizable European green lizard. The male has a bigger head and a colour that is uniformly green with little markings that are more noticeable on its back. In mature males, the neck is blue, and to a lesser amount in females. The female has a more consistent colour than the male and is more slender. She frequently has two to four light bands that are surrounded by black dots.

European Green Lizard





From southern Germany, Austria, Hungary, Czechia, Slovakia, eastern Italy, Croatia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Serbia, Montenegro, Albania, and Greece to southern Ukraine, Romania, Bulgaria, and western Turkey, European green lizards may be found in these regions. They generally reside in open forest, hedgerows, field edges, embankments and bramble thickets, all of which have dense bushy vegetation. Green lizards may be found in bushy heathland in the northern portion of their habitat, while they favour moist environments in the southern section.

EUROPEAN GREEN LIZARD Habits and Lifestyle

From early March until early October, European green lizards are active. They are lonely, dwell on the ground or in low, thick foliage, and like soaking up the sun in the morning and evening. They frequently take refuge in hollows, beneath boulders, in rodent burrows. European green lizards can dig tunnels up to 1 m deep and are extremely quick and attentive. They may climb trees and shrubs to get away from danger, or even jump from one branch to another. To escape a predator’s reach, these lizards will occasionally lose their tails (autotomy), which they will subsequently recover.
The common green lizard, commonly referred to as the European green lizard, has different behaviours and a distinct way of life. Being mostly diurnal, these reptiles are active during the day. They are quick climbers and live in many different habitats, including as woodlands, grasslands, rocky outcrops, and even urban settings like gardens and parks.
The food of European green lizards is diversified since they are opportunistic omnivores. They eat tiny vertebrates like lizards, small birds, and rodents in addition to insects like beetles, grasshoppers, and spiders. They can also add fruits and vegetables to their diet to augment it.
Since they are ectothermic, these lizards depend on outside heat sources to control their body temperature. They enjoy the use the light to warm up and speed up their metabolic activities. Their activity level, digestion, and general health depend on this behaviour.


Male European green lizards perform territorial displays during the mating season, which typically takes place in the spring or early summer, to establish dominance and entice females. These behaviours include head nodding, push-ups, and flashing the vivid blue colour of their throats. When the female is drawn, wooing starts, and mating takes place.
Eggs are laid by female European green lizards in sand, decomposing vegetation, or small burrows. Depending on the size and health of the female, they often deposit 6 to 20 eggs. The eggs hatch after many weeks of incubation. Hatchlings of certain lizard species are autonomous and able to protect themselves against predators, however birth.
European green lizards are solitary animals in terms of their lifestyle. They are frequently observed in their chosen habitats, where they find cover and safety among plants, rocks, and other natural structures. They can blend into their environment and fend off predators because to their exceptional camouflage and vivid green colouring.
Even though European green lizards are typically thought of as being quick and nimble, their main method of defence consists of hiding when a threat is present and remaining immobile. They may try to run away or protect themselves by locking their jaws and teeth if they are approached or seized.
Overall, the European green lizard’s behaviours and way of life are distinguished by their diurnal nature, varied food, reliance on external heat sources for thermoregulation, and territorial behaviour during mating season the time of year when it breeds and its capacity for habitat adaptation. It is made up of These elements are crucial to their success and survival as a reptile species in their native habitat.

Diet and Nutrition

Carnivores (insectivores) are green lizards from Europe. Insects and other small invertebrates make up the majority of their diet, although they may also occasionally eat fruit, birds’ eggs, fledglings, small lizards, and even mice. The common green lizard, commonly referred to as the European green lizard, has unique food needs and engaging eating habits. They are opportunistic omnivores with a diverse diet that includes both plants and animals.
Insects are a significant part of the food of the European green lizard. They consume a wide range of insects, including beetles, grasshoppers, crickets, ants, and spiders, through active hunting. For lizards, these little invertebrates are a crucial source of protein. They depend on their agility and quickness to grab their prey, using their excellent eyesight and rapid reflexes to do so.

The European green lizard may consume various little animals in addition to insects. Small animals like rats, birds, and lizards may fall under this category. Although Despite not being as prevalent in their diet as insects, these vertebrates do help to make up a lizard’s total diet. The European green lizard can adapt to various food sources depending on availability and environmental circumstances thanks to its opportunistic eating behaviour. Another element of their diet is plant stuff. The European green lizard consumes a variety of plant products as part of its dietary habits. They may eat berries, buds, leaves, blossoms, and flowers. Although it is not their main source of nourishment, plant matter provides as a secondary supply of carbs, fibre, and supplementary vitamins and minerals.

European green lizards can have different dietary choices depending on their location, climate, and personal preferences. The availability affects their nutrition of their environment’s plant types and variety of prey items. They are opportunistic feeders who change how they eat to increase their chances of getting food. For European green lizards to be healthy and survive, they require a balanced, diverse diet. They receive vital elements from it, such as protein, fat, carbs, vitamins, and minerals. These nutrients aid in their development, reproduction, immunity, and general health.

The versatility in their dietary habits is advantageous to European green lizards since they are opportunistic herbivores. They are able to live and prosper in a variety of settings because to these adaptations, which also ensure that they can get the nutrients they require to satisfy their nutritional demands and sustain their populations in their native ecosystems.


REPRODUCTION SEASON   May-early JuneINCUBATION PERIOD         2.5-4.5 monthsBABY NAME                                hatchlingWEB.ANIMAL_CLUTCH_SIZE   5-21 eggs

Between May and the beginning of June, European green lizards reproduce. The average incubation period for the female’s 6–20 eggs is 2-4 months. Young that have just hatched are 3 to 4 cm (1.2 to 1.6 in) long and light brown in colour. The next year, when they have doubled in size, they reach maturity.


EUROPEAN GREEN LIZARD Population threats

There aren’t any significant dangers to these adaptive spices right now. However, in Turkey, pesticide usage may have an influence, and in northern regions of its range, habitat degradation and cat predation may be a problem.

EUROPEAN GREEN LIZARD Population threats

The European green lizard is widespread locally across its habitat, but there is no estimate of its total population, according to IUCN. The IUCN Red List now rates this species as Least Concern (LC), however its population is currently under decline.


The European green lizard is classified as being in “Least Concern” by the IUCN. This is due to the fact that it has a broad range and is prevalent in at least some of that area. Because of its adaptability, there aren’t any significant dangers to it in the most of its range. However, the use of pesticides in Turkey might have an effect.

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