Ayam Cemani Eggs

You must hatch Ayam Cemani chickens with extreme caution, regardless of whether you produce your own or obtain your eggs from another breeder.
Because Ayam Cemani hens are not sitters, you must artificially incubate the eggs because they will not do it on their own.

Cemani Eggs

Before putting your eggs in the incubator, you should give them approximately a day or so to settle if you ordered them by mail.
Before incubation, this rest period is required to allow the air inside the eggs to return to normal.
Before putting your Ayam Cemani eggs in the incubator, you can store them for up to 14 days in addition to giving them some time to normalize.
The rate of hatchability after 14 days drops off dramatically. It is recommended to store eggs in an egg carton or similar container with a temperature range of 550 to 600F (130 to 15.50 C) and a humidity level of between 70% and 75%.
During storage, keep the eggs pointed down and tilt or rotate them every day.
This can be made simple by putting a 2-by-4-inch piece of wood under one end of the carton and switching it out every day to the other side.

The incubator should be running for at least 24 hours before you begin incubating your eggs. This will guarantee that the temperature is right when you add your eggs.
An Ayam Cemani incubator should be kept at 37.50C (99.50 F).
The ideal humidity level is maintained at 50% for the first eighteen days of the eggs’ incubation, and then raised to 55% to 60% for the final three days.
You should use a thermometer to check the temperature in your incubator since maintaining a constant temperature is crucial.
In a larger incubator, temperature fluctuations won’t be as harmful and it will be simpler to keep the temperature constant.
The temperature should be adjusted as necessary based on the outcomes of each hatching. Reduce the temperature a bit for the subsequent batch of eggs if they hatch too soon.
Increase the temperature a little if they hatch too late.

EggsBetween 60 – 100 eggs per year
Egg ColorTinted
Egg SizeSmall
Weight3.5 – 5 lbs
HardinessCold & heat
TemperamentDocile and friendly

You must use a hygrometer to keep your incubator at the right humidity level. to obtain a precise reading. Once more, it will be simpler to keep the humidity at a consistent level in a large incubator.
But your eggs should be fine if you maintain the humidity between 10% and 15% of the optimal range.
It is far more important for temperature than humidity to ensure that your Ayam Cemani eggs hatch. In approximately 21 days, your eggs should hatch if you keep the proper circumstances in place.
For the first eighteen days, make care to turn the eggs three times a day. The final three days before hatching should be spent by leaving them alone.
If you don’t need to add water to maintain the humidity, keep the incubator closed after the eighteenth day.

How to Deal with Culling

How to Deal with Culling

At some time, you might have to sell some of the eggs or chicks if you choose to breed your Ayam Cemani hens.
You definitely don’t have the space to add 50 or more chickens a year to your flock, even though this breed doesn’t lay as many eggs as some domesticated varieties.
A lot more pleasant option than culling is to sell some of the eggs or young chicks.
Remember that it takes five to six months for Ayam Cemani chicks to reach the appropriate maturity level to begin laying their own eggs.
Unlike certain breeds, Ayam Cemani hens do not lay eggs every day; rather, you should find out how frequently your hens lay and use that knowledge to calculate how many birds you should keep to supply the eggs your family needs.

Your hens will lay fewer and fewer eggs as they age.

Your hens will lay fewer and fewer eggs as they age.

You can cull your older hens at the time of their first molt, or you can wait until their second molt or later, if you choose not to keep them as pets.
Hens molt for the first time around the age of eighteen months. They acquire new feathers throughout this phase and lose most of their existing ones.
Egg production is hampered by this procedure, which requires a lot of additional protein and energy. The hen may not start laying regularly again for up to three months.
During their molt, some chickens cease to lay entirely, while others continue to lay, but frequently at a lower price.

Cull the older chickens when they begin to molt and begin rearing new hens around six months early if you want to avoid dealing with higher feeding expenses and lower production.
Alternatively, you could cull the chickens at any time following their second molt.
Your hens will lay somewhat larger eggs later if you wait for them to finish their initial molt.
Nevertheless, it’s equally critical to remember that those eggs will become fewer and farther between.
Eventually, your Ayam Cemani hen will reach an age where she won’t lay eggs at all. At that point, you can choose to either kill the bird or keep it as a pet.
If you choose to maintain As pets, your chickens can live for eight or ten years.
The neck dislocation procedure is the most often utilized technique for culling chickens.
When used properly, this technique instantly knocks the chicken out, minimizing its discomfort during the procedure. Taking the chicken to the veterinarian, who can put it to sleep for you, is another apparent option.

The following is a detailed how-to instruction for culling chickens:

The following is a detailed how-to instruction for culling chickens:

Try to catch the chicken as quietly as you can, ideally in the evening when it is most at ease and has already begun to roost.
Hold down the chicken’s legs with your non-dominant hand, keeping your grip just above the feet.
Hold the chicken upside down by supporting its weight with its chest resting on top of your thigh.
Tilt the bird’s head back slightly by holding its neck between your thumb and forefinger, with the thumb beneath its beak.
Pull the neck forcefully downward while bringing the head back. Press your knuckles into the vertebrae to extend the neck and bend the head at the same time. This should be done quickly and firmly.
Hold the bird for a few more seconds until it stops flapping and kicking; even after the dislocation, this may take several seconds.
All you need to do is pluck and dress the bird if you want to eat the meat.
You may either hire a butcher to do this for you or learn how to do it yourself with your culled hens. The meat can then be used anyway you choose.

The Ultimate Guide to Breeding Ayam Cemani


It is not advisable to take on the work of breeding Ayam Cemani hens lightly. It can be tempting to breed these birds just for financial gain because they are so expensive to purchase.
But it’s crucial to understand that raising chickens can be a challenging endeavor.
For any chicken breeder, learning about culling is an essential evil in addition to learning how to incubate and hatch the eggs.
This post will give you an overview of the basic needs for producing Ayam Cemani chickens as well as advice on how to incubate, hatch, and weed out the chicks.

Basic Breeding Info


You should think about your motivations before deciding to breed your Ayam Cemani chickens.
Is your goal merely to gain additional money, or do you really want to have a flock of lively, healthy Ayam Cemani chickens?
You shouldn’t breed your hens unless you are prepared to put in the necessary time and effort to raise the offspring and properly care for them.
Keeping a small flock of Ayam Cemani hens and using them only for egg production is your best option.
You should invest some time in learning the fundamentals of chicken breeding if you do decide that raising your own hens is the best course of action.
First things first, decide which two chickens you want to procreate, a pair of male and female.

The Breeding Process

It might not matter which chickens you choose as long as they are both healthy if you are just breeding them to create your own flock.
To ensure that the offspring of your Ayam Cemani chickens are excellent representations of the breed standard, you must choose the best specimens of both sexes if you are breeding them for show.
The breeding procedure may take a little longer than you might have anticipated because Ayam Cemani chickens do not deposit as many eggs annually as other domesticated varieties.
The typical Ayam Cemani hen lays roughly sixty eggs annually, all of which will require artificial incubation if you intend to hatch the eggs. It will Later in this post, you can find out more about incubating your eggs.
Breeding Ayam Cemani chickens is much the same as breeding other domesticated varieties of chickens.
Mature male chickens (called cocks) will breed naturally if you put them in the same area as a group of mature female chickens (called hens).

You should start to see some courtship behaviors relatively soon after the two sexes are introduced.
The male will dance in a circle and drop one of his wings to begin courtship activity.
The hen will respond by lowering herself to show that she is open to mating—dipping her body as well as her head. The male will mount the hen when she shows that she is ready to mate, taking her by the neck, comb, or back to grasp onto himself. The male will next be seen walking on the hen’s back and spreading his tail feathers before dipping his tail to the side of the hen’s tail. The male sends his ejaculate straight into the female’s vagina, where fertilization may take place, when their cloacae come into touch. Sayam Regardless of whether they have been fertilized or not, Cemani chickens lay eggs. However, only fertilized eggs have the ability to hatch into chicks.

An egg passes through the hen’s system in around 25 hours, and fertilization can only occur in the first 15 minutes or so after the egg is released. Consequently, fertilization may not happen at every mating, and a male Ayam Cemani chicken may need to attempt multiple matings before fertilizing an egg. However, after mating, Ayam Cemani hens typically continue to be fertile for two weeks. A minimum of three weeks should pass while your hen is kept apart from other roosters to ensure that she is only impregnated by that specific rooster.



Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Scroll to Top