KINGDOM                                  AnimaliaPHYLUM                                     ChordataSUBPHYLUM                             VertebrataCLASS                                       MammaliaORDER                                       CarnivoraSUBORDER                                FeliformiaFAMILY                                        FelidaeSUBFAMILY                                 FelinaeGENUS                                           Felis

The Arabian wildcat is a subspecies of the wild cat called Felis lybica jordansi. It is native to the Arabian Peninsula. This means that it is mainly found in the countries and regions of the Arabian Peninsula, such as Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Oman, and the United Arab Emirates.
In terms of appearance, Arabian wild cats are similar to domestic cats. It has a slender body, long tail, round head, and large, pointed ears. The fur color of Arabian wildcats can vary, but it is usually sandy or grey-brown. This fur color helps them blend into their desert habitat, providing camouflage.
Arabian wildcats mainly live in dry areas like deserts, rocky areas, and mountains. They are well adapted to survive in these harsh environments. Like most wild cats, they are primarily active at night, making them nocturnal. They are solitary creatures, meaning they prefer to live alone, and they mark their territories using scent marks and scratch marks.

arabian wildcat

Their diet consists mainly of small mammals such as rodents and rabbits, as well as birds, reptiles, insects and occasionally plant matter. They are skilled hunters and climbers, using their agility to catch and move around their prey.
The conservation status of the Arabian wild cat is not widely documented. However, due to factors such as habitat loss, degradation, poaching, and capture for the pet trade, their population numbers are believed to be declining. As of now, they are listed as a “least concern” species by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), meaning they are not currently considered endangered or at high risk of extinction. would go
It is important to note that the Arabian wildcat is different from the African wildcat, which is another subspecies of wildcat found in parts of Africa and the Middle East. Both subspecies have contributed significantly to the genetic lineage of domestic cats.


The Arabian wild cat is quite similar in size and appearance to the domestic cat. Its fur is short and dense, grey-brown, ash-brown or buff, with dark markings on the head and dark stripes near the body, limbs and tip of the tail. The underparts are white, and the soles of the feet have black hairs between the black pads.

middle eastern wildcat

Both large and small wild cats can be found throughout the Middle East. Small wild cats found in the Middle East include the Eastern lynx, Arabian caracal, sand cat, jungle cat, Asiatic wildcat, and Pallas’ cat. Middle Eastern wild cats also include the Persian leopard, Asiatic cheetah, and Arabian leopard.

middle eastern wildcat

Habits and Lifestyle

Arabian wildcats are hardy and agile animals. They are lonely at night; Males maintain a territory that can measure several square kilometers, and females’ territory is smaller. Arabian wildcats have many piles, rocks, hollow trees, or empty fox burrows, in which they can take shelter in different parts of their territory. When prey is spotted, they slowly creep toward it while hiding behind foliage.
Arabian wildcats are primarily nocturnal, which means they are most active at night. This behavior helps them survive the intense heat of the desert during the day. They have adapted to the desert environment and developed different habits to survive
Solitary nature: Arabian wildcats are solitary animals, meaning they like to be alone. They establish and defend their territories, which they mark using scent marks and scratch marks. By maintaining their territory, they ensure that they have access to resources such as food, water, and shelter.
Territorial Behavior: To mark their territories, Arabian wildcats use scent marks from glands on their faces and paws. They rub against objects and leave their scent behind, which signals to other feral cats that the territory has been occupied. Scratching with their claws on trees or the ground also leaves visible marks and helps establish their presence.
Hunting and diet: Arabian wildcats are skilled hunters and their diet is carnivorous. Small animals like mice and rabbits make up the majority of their diet. They also prey on birds, reptiles, and insects and occasionally eat plant matter. Their hunting skills and agility enable them to catch and capture their prey effectively.
Climbing abilities: Arabian wildcats have excellent climbing abilities, which allow them to reach high places, such as trees or rocky outcrops. Climbing helps them survey their surroundings, spot potential prey, and avoid predators.
Communication: Like other wild cats, Arabian wild cats communicate using a variety of vocalizations, body postures, and scent marks. They may hiss, growl, hiss, or meow to communicate with other feral cats. Scent marks and body posture play an important role in marking territorial boundaries and reproductive status.
Overall, the Arabian wild cat has adapted to its arid desert habitat by being primarily nocturnal, solitary, and highly skilled at hunting and climbing. These habits and lifestyles enable them to survive and thrive in the harsh conditions of the Arabian Peninsula.


arabian wildcat
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Diet and Nutrition

Carnivores include Arabian wildcats they consume huge insects, small birds, reptiles, jerboas, jirds, and other small rodents. The majority of their hydration requirements are met by their diet.
The Arabian wildcat is a carnivore, meaning its diet consists mainly of meat. Here are some important points about the diet and nutrition of Arabian Wildcats:
Carnivorous diet: Arabian wildcats are skilled hunters and have adapted to survive on a diet of small mammals, especially rodents and rabbits. These agile predators use their sharp teeth and claws to capture and kill their prey.
Additional Prey: Apart from small mammals, Arabian wildcats also eat other small animals such as birds, reptiles and insects. These food sources provide them with variety and meet their nutritional needs.
Plant matter: Although the main component of their diet is meat, Arabian wildcats can also eat small amounts of plant matter. This may include grass, leaves or fruit. Consuming plant material is believed to aid digestion and provide additional nutrients.
Water Requirements: Like other desert-dwelling animals, Arabian wildcats have adapted to survive in dry environments with limited water availability. They can obtain moisture from the prey they consume, reducing their direct need for drinking water. However, when water sources are available, they will drink to meet their hydration needs.
Nutritional Requirements: The Arabian Wildcat diet is designed to provide the nutrients necessary for their survival and well-being. As a responsible carnivore, they require high levels of protein and fat from their prey to meet their energy needs. These nutrients support their growth, muscle development and overall health.
It is important to note that exact food preferences and specific prey species may vary depending on the availability and abundance of food in their habitat. Arabian wild cats are skilled hunters and adapt their hunting strategies to capture the prey species available in their environment.
By eating a diet consistent with their evolutionary adaptation as carnivores, the Arabian wild cat obtains the nutrients necessary to thrive in its desert habitat.


PREGNANCY DURATION                 66 daysBABY CARRYING                            2-3 kittensFEMALE NAME                                   queenMALE NAME                                      tomcatBABY NAME                                        kitten
arabian wildcat

Little is known about the mating system of Arabian wild cats. They usually breed at most times of the year. Males locate females by the pheromones they produce when they are ready to mate. After about 65 days of pregnancy, the female gives birth to 3 or 4 kittens. After two to three months, the young begin to notice coats and are weaned, but they continue to live with their mother for a few more months to acquire survival and hunting abilities.
The Arabian wildcat exhibits certain behaviors and mating habits as part of its reproductive cycle. Here are some important points about their mating habits:
Breeding season: Arabian wildcats have a specific breeding season, which usually occurs during the winter months. This timing ensures that young are born when food resources are plentiful.
Isolation System: Arabian wildcats are solitary animals, including during the mating process. Unlike some other species that form pairs or groups, male and female Arabian wildcats only come together for mating and are otherwise solitary.
Courtship Rituals: During the breeding season, male Arabian wildcats may engage in courtship rituals to attract females. These rituals may include various behaviors such as scent marking, vocalizations, and physical displays. Its purpose is to communicate their availability and readiness for a mate.
Mating Behavior: Once a receptive female is encountered, male and female Arabian wildcats engage in mating behavior. This usually involves the male rearing the female and mating. Encounters can be brief encounters, lasting only a few minutes.
Pregnancy and Birth: After successful mating, the female Arabian wildcat goes through a gestation period, which usually lasts about 60 to 70 days. During this time, she will find a suitable den or shelter to give birth. Females usually give birth to 2 to 4 kittens, although litter sizes can vary.
Maternal care: The female Arabian wild cat takes responsibility for the care of the newborn kittens. She nourishes them through her milk, keeps them warm, and protects them from potential dangers. The male usually does not participate in raising the offspring.
Independence of the young: As the kittens grow, the mother gradually introduces them to solid food, teaching them hunting skills. After several months, the kittens become independent and go out on their own.
It is important to note that specific mating behaviors and rituals may vary between individuals and populations. These behaviors are influenced by factors such as environmental conditions, availability of mates, and social dynamics within the population.
By exhibiting specific mating habits and reproductive behaviors, the Arabian wildcat ensures the continuity of its species and the survival of its successors in its natural habitat.


ARABIAN WILDCAT Population threats

The Arabian wildcat is one of the most endangered subspecies of wildcats due to its limited distribution. A victim of Bedouin persecution in the past, its habitat is presently being destroyed more and more for agricultural use. The fact that it hybridises with feral domestic cats and that there could not be many purebred Arabian wildcats left in the wild poses the biggest threat to it.

ARABIAN WILDCAT Population number

The entire population size of the Arabian wildcat is not given by the IUCN Red List or other sources. The IUCN Red List now rates the African wildcat as Least Concern (LC) as a whole.

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