Although most of them are only half a foot long when they are an adult, it can grow up to 3.3 feet long. Anilios snake species have the ability to deposit eggs that hatch without fertilization, maintaining a stable population. However, as they are all underground residents, an approximate number is unavailable.
5 Amazing Facts
There are more than 200 distinct species in the 18 genera that make up the blind snake family.
Every blind snake has scales with horns on its tail.
The flowerpot snake is mostly found on islands worldwide, however most blind snake species are located in tropical environments.
The Brahminy blind snake is a strictly female species that lays self-activated (as opposed to fertilized) eggs. It might generate a new population even if there was only one.
Venomous snakes do not sting.
Where to Find Them
Though they prefer to reside in tropical regions, blind snakes can be found on every continent in the world due to their large population. In actuality, numerous researchers assert that these blind snakes can be found in every tropical region.
They are found in tropical regions of South and Central America, Asia, and Africa. But the predominant inhabitants of the Caribbean island of Bimini are pink blind snakes.
There are no snakes in Ireland at all, even though they are found all across the world. However, European nations with tropical climates have also reported seeing blind snakes in their areas. The best time to spot them in these settings is after a lot of rain, as they favor a wetter climate. Occasionally, they will live in trees to provide they have access to termites and ants for sustenance.
There are more than 200 species spread across 18 genera, and each species has its own unique habitat.
Types of Blind Snakes
Brahminy blind snake: Although they have been discovered in Florida since the 1970s, Brahminy blind snakes are mainly located in southeast Asia. This snake grows to be around 7 inches long at its largest, yet instead of being pink, it seems to be black due to its extreme darkness.
Texas thread snake, also known as the Texas slender blind snake, is another name for the brown Texas blind snake. Despite not being tropical, they can be found all around the state after which they are called. They are 3 to 13 inches long.
Western blind snake: Found all over California, the western blind snake is vivid pink in color. Anilios neck is really thin, and it
Population and Conservation Status
There are over 250 species in the blind snake family as a whole, although because they live underground, it is challenging for scientists to assess their population size. According to the IUCN, blind snakes are deemed to be “Not Extinct” for the most part. A number of species are extinct, while a couple are of Least Concern (the Costa Rica worm snake, the Liwale blind snake, and the Bismarck sharp-nosed blind snake). However, the status of the Madagascar blind snake is currently listed as Critically Endangered.
Appearance and Description
It is difficult to give a detailed description of every species because there are so many of them. To aid with vision in their dim burrows, the majority of these snakes have black patches in their eyes and teeth in their upper jaw. Their heads are blunt and their bodies are cylindrical, with short tails serving as their only meaningful use for eyesight. They have glossy, smooth scales. The majority of these snakes are quite little, with sizes ranging from 5.5 to 12 inches, yet certain species may grow to 3.3 feet. Their bodies are generally pink or gray, giving them a worm-like appearance. The Anilios Caribbean island of Bimini is more likely to harbor pink blind snakes, though the.
Blind snakes eat insects, spiders, daddy longlegs, millipedes, centipedes, and other small animals without spinal columns. While the majority of these species prefer to eat termites and ants, many of them will also consume caterpillars, fly maggots, beetles, cockroaches, and crickets. Ant and termite hills can be located by blind snakes by following the fragrance these insects leave behind on the ground. The snake finds the hill, slips inside, and consumes its fill. They especially like eating the eggs, pupae, and larvae of ants. These slim animals may consume a large number of eggs, larvae, and pupae in a short amount of time because their lower jaw can expand and retract quickly.
The blind snake has the ability to defend itself from ants, who are renowned for defending their nests with great vigor. The Anilios snake hides when it’s attacked by balling up and covering itself in a slime-and-feces concoction. The snake returns to its meal since the repulsive odor drives the ants away.
How Dangerous Are They?
Blind snakes aren’t particularly dangerous because they don’t have any venom. Though their take has a sharp spine at the tip that can be threatening, they burrow underneath. They can only open their mouth to the extent necessary to consume the ants and termites that are normally their food source, even though they have teeth on their top jaw. There’s not a chance of getting bit.
Anilios Reproduction and Lifecycle
Males of blind snakes use a modified appendage termed the hemipenis to inseminate females in a sexual reproduction process. A clutch of two to ten eggs, hatched in about a month, is laid by the female at a time. The babies are about 4 inches in size and are self-sufficient from birth. Depending on the species, blind snakes can survive anywhere from four to twenty years, although some can live even longer. They dwell in tropical regions mostly, surfacing only for food or during the breeding season, and spending the majority of their lives underground or in leaf litter. They have evolved an excellent sense of smell over time as a result of their underground lifestyle, which enables them to identify prey like insects and earthworms.
Behavior and Humans
Blind snakes are extremely frightened of people and live underground. Their primary instinct when they come across a human is to flee (rather than bite). The blind snake may be kept as a pet by some, however they may not be particularly amusing because they are not very gregarious or engaging. Furthermore, they only bite their little prey because they are not aggressive and non-venomous.
Australia is home to 46 species of blind snakes in the genus Anilios (formerly known as Ramphotyphlops). Anilios nigrescens is the species that is most frequently found in the eastern states.
Many times, people confuse Anilios blind snakes for earthworms. They are tiny, burrowing snakes that resemble worms. They are pink or gray in color, with a forked tongue, and smooth body scales—no wide belly scales—that enable them to move through soil.
Their mouth is located well below and below the tip of the snout, and their eyes are reduced to tiny dark dots behind the head’s scales. Their body is uniformly thick all the way around, and their very short tail ends in a conical spine.
In Australia’s southeast, there are blind snakes. Because ants and termites are their primary food source, they can be found anywhere. They also consume termite and ant eggs and larvae.
Blind Snakes use their tongues to taste and smell termite and ant trails in order to locate their meal. They find the nest by following the ants’ trails. They use their upper jaw to rake termites and ants into their mouths, then they swallow the food whole.
Blind snakes are consumed by foxes, owls, feral cats, and certain snakes, particularly the Bandy Bandy.
When above the ground, blind snakes swim in a side-to-side manner. They use insect-made tunnels beneath the surface.
During the breeding season, blind snakes deposit one to twenty spherical eggs, with the young caring for them personally.
These snakes are harmless and non-venomous. They are not able to bite and are not very good at defense. They have the ability to vomit up their most recent food, create a strong stench from their anal glands, or prickle painfully with their tail spine.
Blind Snake FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
Is a blind snake venomous?
Nope. There are no venomous species of blind snake. It’s not very harmful.
Can you keep a blind snake as a pet?
The primary allure of the blind snake is its lack of venom and small space requirements. These reptiles don’t have much of a pet trade, although some breeders do offer them for sale to those who are interested in herpetoculture.
Are blind snakes rare?
Not precisely. Hundreds of species can be found in tropical regions all over the world, although most of them are underground unless it rains a lot.
Why is it called the blind snake?
Blind snakes are nocturnal underground dwellers. They don’t have enough clarity to perceive the details that other animals can see, even though their vision is limited to seeing in the dark. They can only see what they require to survive.
How do blind snakes hunt?
The primary food sources for blind snakes are termites and ants. They are unable to bite an opponent or dislocate their jaw. But their mouths are only large enough to swallow these creatures.
Are blind snakes aggressive?
Nope. The two main priorities for blind snakes are locating food and avoiding humans and other predators. Because of their small stature and inability to notice health dangers, they are kept safely underground in tunnels.
Where do blind snakes live?
All around the world, blind snakes prefer to reside in tropical climes. Actually, due to insufficient climate, Antarctica is the only place where they are not found. Although the species differ, they can be found on every other continent. Pink blind snakes are more prevalent on Bimini, a Caribbean island.
What do blind snakes eat?
The blind snake eats termites and ants mostly, both their larvae and eggs.